Today, contemplating flower arrangements, learning and mastering the art of flower arrangement has become the desire of many people, especially women. However, mastering the art of flower arrangement is not easy. It requires flower arrangers through observation in reality, grasp the “soul” of flowers, understand the law of transformation of plants and the harmony of colors.
Before, the art of flower arrangement had many schools. Due to the difference in the region, environment, cultural context, and development space, flower arrangement art is also different. This art originates in three different places: Japanese-style flower arrangements, Chinese-style flower arrangements, Western-style flower arrangements.
1/ The art of Chinese flower placement
The Chinese flower growing history goes back a long time. Besides flower growing, the art of flower arrangement here also has a long history and tradition. In addition to attaching importance to the shape, color and scent of flowers, Chinese flower arrangement also focuses on “Germany flower”. According to them, shape, color and scent are just “tangible”; “Hoa Duc” is abstract, often in a symbolic meaning; For example, using the softness of flowers to compare with the feminine beauty; At the same time, also how to choose flowers to describe the virtue of the righteous, gentleman. This has become a unique feature of the art of Chinese flower arrangement.
2/ The art of Japanese flower arrangement
Japanese Buddhism originated in China, entering the country at the same time with the ritual of offering flowers to Buddha. The Japanese have quickly turned into their own art, becoming traditional art. For a long time, the Japanese art of flower arrangement used in shrines and altars has circulated among the clergy. By the 7th century, the offering of flowers to worship was popular in folk worshiping ceremonies, but the flower art was not yet prevalent. In the tenth century, using flowers not only in festivals, but also to decorate homes. In the thirteenth century, in temples and shrines appeared methods of arranging flowers and creating lotus-shaped flowers.
By the fourteenth century, the Japanese aristocracy had annual flower-rewarding festivals called “flower sitting contest” (flower arrangement competition), considering flower arrangement as an art of leisure and leisure; Since then, flower arrangements have gradually evaded the purely religious color, entering the royal court and martial and aristocratic families, becoming a product of art to decorate and appear in festivals.
Since then, the form of flower arrangement began to be standardized, both attaching importance to the theme of thought and worshiping nature; They often use 7 – 9 stems, combined with some leaves: the first form of “flowering” in Japan.
In the fifteenth – sixteenth century, flower arrangement was widely disseminated, the flower arrangement art had strongly developed, this art style also had relatively large changes; In addition to the completed form of “flowering”, there is also the form of “flowering”. This is a form of arranging 3 main flower branches, representing Heaven, Earth, and Person.
Works are often simple, pure, elegant, popular and strongly developed. Thus, philosophy and thought step by step entered the art of flower arrangement. At the end of the seventeenth century, “Binh History” invaded Japan and was promoted, forming the “Hoang Dao school”. After the eighteenth century, Japan continued to appear in the flower arrangement school “Freedom”; This school is not like “flower” and “flower”, but based on intuition and feeling, combined with each other’s ideas, not too dependent on any form. By the nineteenth century, the Japanese flower arrangement was in a recession, influenced by society and politics at that time; it was not until 1887 that it was restored again; However, during this period, with the exchange with many foreign artistic lines, especially the influence of Western culture, the Japanese flower arrangement movement favored the “Prosperous” style (that is, Moribana style).
Since then, the Japanese religion has changed direction, from arranging flowers in high pots to low and shallow. Moribana flower arrangement can be considered a breakthrough in Japanese flower arrangement history; However, this breakthrough has not satisfied Japanese flower-appreciators and flower-flower enthusiasts. In the twentieth century, Japanese religion had a different transformation, with historical nature; It was a flower arrangement “Free” (Free style arrangement), also known as “midfield” (Avant – garde Ikebana). To a certain extent, this type of flower arrangement has lines that closely match the modern Western flower arrangements. For the Japanese, this style has brought the art of Japanese flower arrangement to become brilliant and bright. The Japanese often recite anecdotes about looking at flowers, enjoying flowers and drawing flowers.
In general, connoisseurs of flowers can see from front to back, from the inside to the outside.
3/ The art of Western flower placement
The art of Western bonsai originated in the Mediterranean area and developed to this day, has become one of the main trends in flower arrangement – flower arrangement in the Western style. The history of flower arrangements here has a long history. History books and archaeological relics say: As early as the 2000s BC, the period of the “Nil civilization”, in Egypt there were paintings on the stone wall, depicting the use of lotus flowers and flowers. narcissus in decoration. Some people also use the narrow-mouthed jars for flower arrangements. In the Pyramids of Egypt, a vestige of a fossil flower has also been discovered. It is the type of micro wall, very popular in this country.
The method of flower arrangement in this period was still rudimentary: both without the beauty of the lines, and the combination of different types of flowers next to each other. From Ancient Greece to Late Ancient Rome, people often used yellow flowers to decorate in festivals. Girls also often wear crowns with roses. This design represents loyalty in the art of love. In the art of Western flower arrangement and flowering, this style is still preserved to this day with changes from time to time. There are two types of flower arrangements in this stage: flower arrangement in a vase and flower arrangement in baskets.
In the nineteenth century, Western aristocrats and elites began to be interested in and passionate about the art of flower arrangements, from handling the art of flower arrangements to the color combinations of many types of flowers. In addition, there are also artisans who craft vases, flower pots of all designs; Someone specializes in flower arrangement research. They set out the principles of flower arrangements, with many schools. There are 32 different schools of flower arrangement. Flower arrangement has become a way of decoration and enjoyment in any meeting, party, or leisure. In the early twentieth century, the artist Gertrude Jekyll published the book “Flower decoration in the home” which has a huge revealing effect in the later art of flower arrangements. This is the foundation of modern Western flower arrangements. In recent decades, the art of flower arrangement in the West has been influenced by Japanese Buddhism as well as Zen. Therefore, there have been a variety of philosophical flower arrangements.
Classical flower arrangement art is limited only to flower arrangements in pots. The florist only chooses a few flowers, then shapes and chooses the appropriate length. The form of flower arrangement at that time was simple and pure, often retaining the flower’s design, not technically and artistically. Vases are mostly ceramic. In addition, in the aristocracy, the king used glass and jade jars. In classical flowers, colors tend to be bright, dazzling.
4/ Final Thought
Classical Chinese flower arrangements often create appropriate gaps between flower branches; thus creating elegance. Japanese classical art often makes use of simple branches and leaves, clearly expressing the lines of the flowers. Western classic flower arrangements like dignity, use many flowers, and large vases. Modern flower arrangement art is not only composed based on the basic flower arrangement principles, but also not merely expressing the harmony of nature, but the purpose is to express individual conceptions and thoughts. .
In modern flower arrangement art, it is necessary to have imagination to choose flower branches, how to design, how to create shapes according to the theme? To them, the flowerpot is a source of poetry, a source of thought and philosophy. Every flower arrangement must be an expressive value. It takes a lot of time to reflect, consider, before embarking on. The three main trends in flower arrangement today are the “free flower arrangement”, “midfield flower arrangement” and “abstract flower arrangement”.
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